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Geography at Ainderby


What do our children say about Geography?

"I like learning about where different countries are and what they look like."

"I like it when we travel round the world with Buddy Bee"

"I liked learning about the Arctic and all the animals."

Geography Intent

At Ainderby Steeple CE Primary, we aim to deliver a high-quality Geography curriculum, which inspires children’s curiosity and fascination about the world and its people.  We strive to provide our children with opportunities to investigate a range of places, both in the UK and the wider world.  We intend for our children to become confident at using key geographical skills across a range of contexts. Children will have the opportunity to collect and analyse data, interpret sources of geographical information (maps, globes, digital mapping etc) and to communicate geographical knowledge in a variety of ways.

Our aim is to ignite a passion for learning about the world they live in, both locally and worldwide and to understand the impact that humans have on the world. We seek to deepen the children’s understanding by encouraging them to ask and answer questions about their world and to provide them with the skills needed to become independent and competent geographers.

Geography Implementation

Our geography curriculum is based on Early Years 2021 curriculum and National Curriculum 2014 objectives.  It includes termly topics for all children from Year 1 to Year 6 and has been developed to ensure a progression in skills and knowledge throughout the school. Teachers are encouraged to consider opportunities available to use the school grounds and the local area for fieldwork. We are passionate about developing knowledge, understanding and skills through children being outside and enjoying the geography around them. Educational visits are also encouraged to enable children to gain real-life experiences and apply skills practically. Where appropriate, we make cross-curricular links so that learning is repeated in several contexts and children are given opportunities to recall knowledge and skills, strengthening their long-term memory.

At Key stage 1

Pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.

Locational knowledge

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans

  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

 Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

 Human and physical geography

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world

  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather

  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

 Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage

  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language

  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key

  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds

At Key stage 2

Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge. Pupils should be taught to:

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics

  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

 Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America

 Human and physical geography

  • describe and understand key aspects of:

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water Geography.

 Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied

  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps)

  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area

Geography Impact

Children will develop the geographical knowledge and skills needed to enable them to explore, navigate and understand the world around them. Pupils show their understanding by talking with confidence about the skills and knowledge they have acquired and work will display the range of topics covered and clear cross-curricular links that have been made. Not only will children be equipped with the knowledge, skills and understanding set out in the Primary National Curriculum, they will be prepared to become competent geographers in secondary education and as adults living in the wider world.

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